abt autism

      DIAGNOSIS

         INTERVENTION

         SUPPORT

Autism is a very complex condition that is observed in the early growing-up years of some children. Its characteristics are evident by age three and the disability is life-long. Autism affects the way the person communicates and relates to other people. Children with autism have difficulties with everyday social interaction. Their ability to develop friendship is generally limited as is their capacity to understand other people’s emotions. Autism is more prevalent among boys than girls (the ratio being 4:1) and 75% of autistic children also have learning disabilities.

EARLY SIGNS

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  • Rarely smiles when approached by caregivers
  • Rarely imitates expressions
  • Delayed or infrequent babbling
  • Does not respond to his/her name
  • Does not gesture to communicate
  • Poor eye contact
  • Seeks your attention infrequently
  • Unusual body movements
  • Delays in motor development

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DIAGNOSIS

Autism is generally not diagnosed until age three, but signs of developmental delay can begin to appear as early as six months of age. Autism Spectrum Disorder is not diagnosed using biological tests such as blood test or brain scans. A diagnosis of autism is made by an expert Psychologist after gathering and considering the following information :-

  • A developmental and clinical history using the Childhood Autism Raring Scale (CARS )
  • Observation Behaviors
  • Testing of Cognitive functioning
  • Receptive and expressive language assessment
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INTERVENTION

autism_INTERVENTION
Effective early intervention programs are an important first step for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with other developmental concerns. Early diagnosis followed by individualized early intervention can provide the best opportunities for achieving their potential. Early intervention services include various individual services like Speech Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Behavioral Therapy, Animal Assisted Therapy etc.

  • Different methods of teaching through understanding
  • Build coping strategies
  • Create support structures
  • Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
  • TEACCH

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SUPPORT

Children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) finds difficulty in school for a number of reasons, generally related to difficulties with communication, social skills and sensory sensitivity. There are number of ways to support children with an ASD, both in the classroom and during free time, including:

  • Teaching social skills and play skills
  • Communicating clearly and giving children time to process information
  • Creating an ASD-friendly environment
  • Support in the playground
  • Helping for meals and eating habits
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